French Bulldog

Detailed Information about French Bulldog

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French Bulldogs are companion dogs and thrive when they have human contact. They are not a breed that should be left alone for long periods, worst of all left outside to live.
• French Bulldogs are a quiet breed and are not known to bark frequently, though there could be some exceptions.
• Because they don't tend to be excessive barkers, French Bulldogs make exceptional apartment dogs.
• The French Bulldog is prone to drooling, flatulence and some shedding. If you value cleanliness the French Bulldog may not be the dog for you. He can also be difficult to housetrain.
• French Bulldogs do not handle heat very well and need to be monitored on hot days to ensure that they don't overexert themselves.
• French Bulldogs are restful and have minimal exercise needs; Frenchies need daily walks to keep them at a healthy weight, that should not be more than 28 pounds, making him easily portable
• French Bulldogs can be easy to train, but they can also be stubborn. Being firm and patient will ensure successful training of this breed.
• The French Bulldog does very well with children, although you have to always supervise young children and dogs when they are together.
• French Bulldogs are wonderful watchdogs, but they can become territorial. They like being the center of attention, which can lead to behavioral problems if they are overindulged.
• The French Bulldog has a life expectancy of over ten years.
• To get a healthy dog, never buy a puppy from an irresponsible breeder, puppy mill, or pet store, but from a responsible or renowned breeder. This is going to save a lot of extra expenses and worries.  

French bulldog information

• Overview

With a tough-on-the-outside, sweet-on-the-inside demeanor, unmistakable bat-shaped ears and distinctive bow-legged gait, the French Bulldog has gained so much popularity that he’s fast becoming the city-dwellers' dog of choice. The French Bulldog is small but has a considerable build, with a powerful muscular body. Commonly called Frenchie, the French Bulldog has a short easy-care coat that accompanies his easygoing personality.

Frenchies likes to play, but they equally enjoy relaxing. They are intelligent and easy to train, as long as you keep the training fun. They are free thinkers, and obedience is not their favorite characteristic. Their freethinking ability can lead to a stubborn nature; if they decide to dig in their heels, there is no moving them.

Frenchies are loving companions who thrive on human contact. As a result, if you are looking for a dog who will enjoy staying alone outdoors for long periods, Frenchie is not the one for you. Frenchies enjoy lavishing love on their human companions, as much as they love the same treatment in return. This is a dog that generally gets along with everyone, including children. They can, however, be territorial and possessive of their people, especially in the presence of other dogs. Socialization is a must for this breed, but with their easy companionship this is an enjoyable task.

Is Frenchie is the dog breed for you? With a nature that is both humorous and mischievous, the French Bulldog needs to live with someone who is consistent, firm, and patient with all the antics and idiosyncrasies that make him both frustrating and delightful.

French Bulldogs make excellent watchdogs and will alert their people to approaching strangers, but it's not their style to bark without cause. They can be protective of their home and family and some will defend both with their life.

French Bulldogs do not need a lot of room and do very well whether in apartments or small dwellings. Walks are a way to keep your dog from gaining a too much weight; a couple of 15-minute walks per day should keep them from becoming overweight. Keep the Frenchie in cool, comfortable surroundings. He's susceptible to heat exhaustion and needs an air-conditioned environment. This is dog who can’t stay outside on a hot day.

French Bulldogs are wonderful companion dogs with a gentle nature. If you work at home, the Frenchie is happy to lie at your feet all day or follow you from room to room. People who love them describe them as mischievous goof balls and can't imagine life without them. They are a constant presence, and they'll love you with all the strength in their small bodies, proving time and again that beauty is on the inside, lying in the eyes of the beholder.

• History
The French Bulldog originated in England and was created to be a toy-size version of the Bulldog. This breed is a descendant of the British Toy Bulldog taken to France in the 19th century.
The breed was quite popular among lace workers in the city of Nottingham. When many lace workers emigrated, displaced by the Industrial Revolution, and began to settle in Normandy, France for better opportunities, they naturally brought their little Bulldogs with them. The small Bulldog type gradually became thought of as a breed, and received a name, the BouledogueFrancais. The English name it was given is also a contraction of “boule” and “dogue”.
Americans had been importing French Bulldogs for a while, but it was not until 1885 when they were brought over. They were mostly owned by society ladies, who first displayed them at the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show in 1896. The breed was quickly nicknamed "Frenchie," and it is still an affectionate name that is used today. 

French Bulldog information

• History

The French Bulldog originated in England and was created to be a toy-size version of the Bulldog. This breed is a descendant of the British Toy Bulldog taken to France in the 19th century.

The breed was quite popular among lace workers in the city of Nottingham. When many lace workers emigrated, displaced by the Industrial Revolution, and began to settle in Normandy, France for better opportunities, they naturally brought their little Bulldogs with them. The small Bulldog type gradually became thought of as a breed, and received a name, the BouledogueFrancais. The English name it was given is also a contraction of “boule” and “dogue”.

Americans had been importing French Bulldogs for a while, but it was not until 1885 when they were brought over. They were mostly owned by society ladies, who first displayed them at the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show in 1896. The breed was quickly nicknamed "Frenchie," and it is still an affectionate name that is used today.

• Size

Generally a French Bulldog is about 11 to 13 inches tall, at the shoulder. He weighs 22 to 29 pounds, right about average for a dog’s weight.

• Personality

Frenchies are smart, loving dogs known for their quiet attentiveness, and need to spend lots of time with their people. This is a highly alert breed who barks judiciously. If a Frenchie barks, it’s good you check it out.

A fun-loving freethinker, the French Bulldog takes well to training when it's done in a positive manner with lots of food rewards, praise, and play.Always ready for fun, the dog may need kind but firm direction.

• Health

Below are diseases that are common to French Bulldogs. Not all Frenchies will get any or all of these diseases, butit's important to be aware of them if you're considering this breed.

1• Brachycephalic Syndrome: This disorder is found in dogs with short heads, narrowed nostrils, or elongated or soft palates. In this case, the Frenchie has a snub nose, and finds it difficult to breathe when they are stressed out. Their noses are obstructed to varying degrees and can cause anything from noisy or difficult breathing to total collapse of the nose. Dogs with brachycephalic syndrome commonly snuffle and snort. Treatment includes oxygen therapy as well as surgery to widen nostrils or shorten palates. As they are a Brachycephalic breed, many French Bulldogs have been banned by several commercial airlines, because of the number that have died while in the air; temperatures in the cargo space in the aircraft can rise to up to 30oC (86oF).

2• Patellar Luxation: It is the dislocation of the patella (kneecap); this is a common problem in small dogs. It is caused when the patella, which has three parts — the femur (thigh bone), patella (kneecap), and tibia (calf) — is not properly lined up and slips in and out of place (luxates). This causes lameness or an abnormal gait (the way the dog moves). It is a congenital disease, being present at birth but could also be caused by injury. Sometimes invisible at births, the luxation does not always occur until much later. The rubbing caused by patellar luxation can lead to arthritis, a degenerative joint disease. Severe grades of patellar luxation may require surgical repair.

3• Hip Dysplasia:This is a congenital condition in which the femur doesn't fit comfortably into the pelvic socket of the hip joint. Some dogs exhibit pain and lameness on one or both rear legs. X-ray screening for hip dysplasia is done at the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals or the University of Pennsylvania Hip Improvement Program. Dogs with hip dysplasia should not be bred. Ask the breeder for proof that the parents have been tested for hip dysplasia and found to be free of problems.

4• Allergies: Allergies are of three main types: food-based allergies, which are treated by eliminating certain foods from the dog’s diet; contact allergies, caused by a reaction to a topical substance such as flea powders, dog shampoos and other chemicals, and treated by removing the cause of the allergy; inhalant allergies, caused by airborne allergens such as pollen, dust, and mildew. The medication for inhalant allergies depends on the severity of the allergy. It’s worth noting that ear infections often accompany inhalant allergies.

5• Hemivertebrae: This is a malformation of one or more vertebrae that causes it to be shaped like a wedge or triangle. This malformation can occur either on its own or with other vertebrae malformations. It’s possible that Hemivertebra causes no problems, but it can put pressure on the spinal cord. This can lead to pain, weakness, and/or paralysis. There is no treatment for the condition unless there is spinal cord pressure.

6• Intervertebral Disc Disease (IVDD): IDD occurs when a disc in the spine ruptures and pushes upward into the spinal cord. When this happens, nerve transmissions are inhibited from traveling along the spinal cord. IDD can be caused by age, trauma, or simply from the physical jolt that occurs when a dog jumps off a sofa. When the disc ruptures, the dog usually feels pain and the ruptured disc can lead to weakness and temporary or permanent paralysis. Treatment usually involves nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) made specially for dogs. In some cases surgery can help, but it must be done within a day or so of the injury. You may also want to ask your veterinarian about physical rehabilitation. Treatments such as massage, water treadmills and electrical stimulation are available for dogs and can have excellent success.

7• Von Willebrand's Disease: This is a blood disorder that affects the clotting process due to the reduction of the von Willebrand factor in the blood. This disorder is usually diagnosed in your dog between the ages of 3 and 5 and cannot be cured. A dog affected by von Willebrand's disease will have signs such as nose bleeds, bleeding gums, prolonged bleeding from surgery, and prolonged bleeding during heat cycles or after whelping. Occasionally blood is found in the stool. Though it can’t be cured, it can be managed with treatments that include cauterizing or suturing injuries, transfusions of the von Willebrand factor before surgery, and avoiding certain medications.

8• Cleft Palate: The palate is the roof of the mouth and separates the nasal and oral cavities. It is made up of two parts, hard and soft. A cleft palate has a slit that runs bilaterally or unilaterally and can range in size from a small hole to a large slit. A cleft palate can affect both the hard and soft palate separately and together and may cause a cleft lip. Puppies can be born with cleft palates, or it can occur from an injury. Cleft palates are fairly common in dogs, the only treatment being surgery to close the hole, although not all dogs with a cleft palate require the surgery. It is important to get a diagnosis and treatment recommendation from your veterinarian.

9• Elongated Soft Palate: The soft palate is the extension of the roof of the mouth. When the soft palate is elongated, it can obstruct airways and cause difficulty in breathing. The treatment for Elongated Soft Palate is surgical removal of the excess palate.

10• Eyes issues: French Bulldogs have a tendency towards eye issues: Glaucoma, retinal fold dysplasia, corneal ulcers and juvenile cataracts are conditions which have been known to afflict French Bulldogs. The skinfolds under the eyes of the French Bulldog should be cleaned regularly and kept dry.

When buying a puppy, find a good breeder who will show you health clearances for both your puppy's parents. Health clearances prove that a dog has been tested for and cleared of a particular condition.

In Frenchies, you should expect to see health clearances, by checking the OFA website ( from the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA) for hip dysplasia (with a score of fair or better), elbow dysplasia, hypothyroidism, and von Willebrand's disease; from Auburn University for thrombopathia; and from the Canine Eye Registry Foundation (CERF) certifying that eyes are normal.

• Care

French Bulldogs do not need a lot of exercise, though they have a considerable weight. To keep their weight down, they need daily exercisethrough short walks, or play times. Frenchies have fairly low energy levels and you should keep that in mind, because even they do not know that and enjoy playing. French Bulldogs will spend much of their time in various activities, and are prone to heat exhaustion if they exercise for long periods especially during hot or humid weather. Limit walks and active play to cool mornings and evenings.

Just as precautions must be taken when (or if) exercising during hot or humid weather, Frenchies also become cold very easily, because of their single short coat, their bulk, and their compromised breathing system and will very likely need to have some extra covering inside if you live in a particularly cold area.

The French Bulldog, like many other companion dog breeds, requires close contact with humans.

When training your French Bulldog, take into account that they are intelligent and usually eager to please, but also that they are free thinkers. That means they can be stubborn. Many different training techniques are successful with this breed, so it good you don't give up if a certain method doesn't work; just try a different technique. To get most out of your Frenchie's interest, try to make training seem like a game with lots of fun and prizes.

It is important to crate train your French Bulldog puppy even if you intend to give him the freedom of the house when he reaches adulthood. Regardless of the breed, puppies like to explore, get into things they shouldn't, and come in contact with things that can harm them. It can be expensive both to repair or replace destroyed items and to pay the vet bills that could arise, so crate training benefits your wallet, your temper as well as your puppy's well being.

• Feeding

Recommended daily amount: 1 to 1.5 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.

NOTE: How much your adult dog eats depends on his size, age, build, metabolism, and activity level. Dogs don't all need the same amount of food; a highly active dog will need more than a couch potato dog. The quality of dog food you buy also makes a difference — the better the dog food, the further it will go toward nourishing your dog and the less of it you'll need to shake into your dog's bowl.

• Coat Color and Grooming

The coat of the French Bulldog is smooth, shiny, short, and moderately fine. The skin is loose especially at the head and shoulders, forming wrinkles and has a soft texture.

French Bulldogs come in a variety of colors: fawn, cream, various shades of brindle — a coat patterned with specks and streaks of light and dark markings — such as black brindle, pied. The most common colors are brindle, then fawn. Pied – white with brindle patches is less common than the other colors.Breed clubs do not recognize any other colors, in fact the AKC – American Kennel Club recognizes Frenchie colors as being brindle, fawn, white, and brindle and white.

This is because some colors come linked with genetic health problems not usually found in the breed, for example blue coloration, which is linked with a form of hair loss.Run from any breeder who tells you a particular color is rare, thus worth more money. Conversely, remember that you can't just order up a puppy of a particular color and gender.

French Bulldogs are fairly easy to groom and need only an occasional brushing to keep their coat healthy. They are average shedders. Begin grooming your Frenchie at a young age and teach your puppy to stand on a table or floor to make this experience easier on both of you. When grooming your Frenchie at any stage of life, take the time to check for any scabs, skin lesions, bare spots, rough, flaky skin, or signs of infections. You should also check ears, eyes and teeth, watching for any discharge or bad smells. Both are signs that your Frenchie may need to see the veterinarian.

Keep the facial wrinkles and the whole skin clean and dry to prevent bacterial infections. Bathe your French Bulldog monthly, and use a high-quality dog shampoo to keep the natural oils in his skin and coat.

Clean ears regularly with a damp warm cloth and run a cotton swab around the edge of the canal. Never stick the cotton swab into the actual ear canal. If the edges of the ears are dry, apply mineral or baby oil sparingly. The oil can also be used on a dry nose.

French Bulldogs do not naturally wear their nails down and will need their nails trimmed regularly. This prevents splitting and tearing, which can be painful for the dog, and costly for you.

French Bulldogs should be easy to groom. With proper training and positive experiences during puppyhood, grooming can be a wonderful bonding time for your Frenchie and you. If you're uncomfortable with any aspect of grooming, such as trimming nails, take your dog to a professional groomer who understands the needs of French Bulldogs.

• Children and Other Pets

Frenchies are patient and affectionate especially with children, and they're not so tiny that they can't live in a household with a toddler. No dog nevertheless should ever be left alone with a young child. You have to supervise them and make sure that neither is poking or otherwise harassing the other. They are a good breed if you are looking for a French Bulldog for sale and adoption.

When they are socialized to other animals during puppyhood, Frenchies can get along well with other dogs and cats. Overly “spoiled”Frenchies, however, may be jealous toward other dogs, especially if those other dogs are getting attention from the Frenchie's very own person. French Bulldogs can easily live with other pets and breeds when the proper introductions are done.

• Rescue Groups

French Bulldogs are often acquired without any clear understanding of what goes into owning one, and these dogs often end up in the care of rescue groups, in need of adoption or fostering. If you're interested in adopting a Frenchie, a rescue group is a good place to start.

• Breed Organizations

Below are breed clubs, organizations, and associations where you can find additional information about the French Bulldog.

• French Bulldog Club of America